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MENCIUM TANGAN ORANG TUA, ULAMA, GURU

Posted by musliminsindangkerta pada 28 Juli 2010

Orang tua, Ulama, dan guru merupakan orng orang yang harus dihormati, sebab mereka mempunyai jasa yang sangat besar terhadap kemajuan umat. Di tangan merekalah tercipta calon-calon pemimpin masa depan. Karena itu, seorang murid khususnya, mempunyai kewajiban untuk menghormati gurunya. Salah satu bentuk penghormatan yang sering dilakukan adalah dengan mencium tangan mereka ketika berjabat tangan.

Perbuatan itu sangat dianjurkan agama sesuai dengan hadits yang artinya
“dari Zairi’ R. –ketika beliau menjadi salah satu delegasi suku ‘Abdil Qais, beliau berkata: “Kemudian kami bersegera turun dari kendaraan kita, lalu kami mengecup tangan dan kaki Nabi SAW”. (Sunan Abii Dawud [4548]).

Atas dasar hadits ini, para ulama mensunnahkan mencium tangan guru, ulama, orang shalih serta orang-orang yang kita hormati. Imam Nawawi menyatakan dalam salah satu kitab karangannya , yang artinya:
“Disunnahkan mencium tangan orang-orang shalih dan ulama-ulama yang utama. Namun mencium tangan selain orang-orang itu hukumnya makruh”. (Fatawi Al-Imam Al-Nawawi, 79).

Ketika menjelaskan perkataan Imam Nawawi ini, Syaikh Muhammad Al-Hajjar dalam ta’liq (komentar) kitab Fatawi Al-Imam Al-Nawawi menyatakan
“Mencium tangan orang lain, bila itu dilakukan karena orang tersebut zuhud, shalih, berilmu, mempunyai kemuliaan, serta bisa menjaga diri, atau perkara yang semisal yang berkaitan dengan masalah agama, maka perbuatan itu tidak dimakruhkan, bahkan termasuk perbuatan sunnah. Tapi jika dilakukan karena orang tersebut memiliki kekayaan, karena dunianya, pengaruhnya serta kekuatannya dihadapan ahli dunia, serta perbuatan lain yang serupa, maka hukumnya makruh, dengan kemakruhan yang sangan besar”. (Fatawi Al-Imam Al-Nawawi, 80).

Selanjutnya DR. Ahmad Al-Syarbashi dalam kitab Yas’alunaka Fii Al-Din Wa Al-Hayah meyimpulkan:
“Dari sini dapat kamu lihat, bahwa apabila mengecup tangan itu dimaksudkan dengan tujuan yang baik, maka perbuatan itu menjadi baik. Inilah hukum asal dalam masalah mencium tangan. Namun bila perbuatan itu digunakan untuk kepentingan dan tujuan yang jelek, maka termasuk perbuatan yang terhina. Sebagaimana halnya setiap perbuatan baik yang diselewengkan untuk kepentingan yang tidak dibenarkan” (Yas’Alunaka Fii Al-Din wa al-Hayah, Juz II, hal 642)

Lalu apakah manfaatnya? Kata Prof. DR. Sarlito W. Sarwono, psikolog dan guru besar Universitas Indonesia, berdasakan eksperimen Ivan Patrovich Pavlov (1849-1936), yang kemudian melahirkjan teori Behaviorisme, setiap lembaga pendidikan seperti pesantren, yang membiasakan muridnya mencium tangan pengasuh atau gurunya, maka akan menimbulkan rasa cinta dan patuh terhadap guru tersebut yang pada gilirannya akan lebih mudah di atur sehingga mewujudkan kedisiplinan dan kepatuhan dalam mengerjakan tugas dan aturan pada lembaga tersebut. Hal ini tentu sangat dibutuhkan untuk keberhasilan sebuah pendidikan.

Dari pembahasan di atas, kita bisa memahami bahwa kita disunnahkan mencium/mengecup tangan Orangtua, ulama, guru. Mengecup/mencium tangan adalah mengambil tangan Orangtua, Guru atau ulama dan disentuhkan dengan bibir kita, bukan menyentuhkan tangan dengan pipi atau kening. (sumber Fiqh tradionalis)

33 Tanggapan to “MENCIUM TANGAN ORANG TUA, ULAMA, GURU”

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